Topic

How Children Learn Through Outdoor Play

Topic Progress:

One of the most essential skills and knowledge that early learning teachers require is understanding how children learn and how environments can support or inhibit learning. Early learning teachers generally base their practice on their perspectives of how children learn.  Outdoor programming, including the materials, ways in which the program is facilitated, and options provided to and for the children reflects the views of early learning teachers.

Contemporary and historical research continues to identify that children learn best through a variety of play experiences. Children are thinkers and doers (Dietze & Kashin, 2015).  Ideally, children are in environments that support them in working toward constructing strategies to solve problems, think about new ways of tackling an experience, and reflect on their failures.  There are many important environmental characteristics that children require in their outdoor environments as ultimate conditions for learning.

Children given opportunities to act upon their ideas and inventing their play options results in   Their minds being engaged. This increases problem solving and the desire to try new actions and experiences.
Children having time, space and opportunities to ‘think through’ their outdoor play experiences results in    Them sorting out ways in which they can achieve their experience and extend their learning to more complicated processes.
Children require a combination of new and familiar materials and experiences that spark their curiosity as this results in Them thinking about the same problem or challenge in multiple ways. The newer the outdoor experience for children, the more they will engage in different ways of thinking (Siegler, 2005). 
Children benefit from outdoor play and learning when they are in environments that encourage them to initiate their play and have input into the materials and play episode that they wish to embark on as this results in Them learning about multiple opportunities to work with the materials and build upon their experience and extend their learning to more complicated processes.
Children benefit in being in outdoor environments where they have access to loose parts or intelligent materials because Loose parts spark their imaginative and creative play while intelligent materials create a sense of wonder that leads them to explore, think, and incorporate new thoughts, ideas and actions into the outdoor experiences. 

As you will explore in the upcoming module on loose parts, the more open-ended the materials in the outdoor play space, the more opportunity for children to engage in unique outdoor play experiences. The term “loose parts” was coined by architect Simon Nicholson (1971).  To be classified as a loose part, the materials are movable, can be redesigned, put together and taken apart in a variety of ways.  Loose parts may be either natural or synthetic materials or objects.

Nicholson believed that children who have loose parts in their environment are empowered to think, design, create and engage in experiential learning. When children use loose parts, they have more options to experience and use flexible and divergent thinking. Such thinking patterns contribute to children gaining success in their outdoor play, which in turn, contributes to their positive dispositions about outdoor play.

The term intelligent materials is often used in the context of loose parts. We think of intelligent materials as those that are able to adapt to the environment by altering their properties. Think of ice and water as intelligent materials. Then think about how the various forms of water and ice trigger curiosity of children, while adding incredible opportunities for changing outdoor play options and experiences.

Examine the PowerPoint of loose parts and intelligent materials for outdoor play.

course3-lesson2-topic3-powerpoint1-loose-parts-intelligent-materials

Use comment function below to post your thoughts.

 

Comments

  1. Brigitte Levesque

    Loose parts are a big factor in children learning all the different ways the can be used. It sparks their imagination helps them to problem solve with there peers as the saying goes two heads are better than one.

  2. Angela Hutton

    The examples of loose parts is amazing. We have some of these items in our yard but I never thought of them as loose parts. I am inspired by the different ways of presenting the loose parts that may highlight the presence of them in the yard. I find that when the loose parts are too familiar they aren’t seen or engaged very often. Great ideas to further explore and implement in our environment.

  3. Candy holloway

    Love the concept of loose arts and intelligent materials! They are fabulously manipulative and can be anything you want them to be, this encourages creative thinking, problem solving, self esteem,turn taking and all the dev. domains can be supported on a very individual basis. These benefits of course all encourage a positive disposition to outdoor play. This of course is also dependent on the EL teacher to exhibit positive attitudes and modelling.

  4. Naznin Dhanani

    Loose parts give endless opportunities for children to be creative, imaginative, problem solvers and much more. So much research behind the use of loose parts in classrooms.

  5. Geri-Lynn Cajindos

    It’s funny to say, but looking at these photos takes me back to my childhood and the simplicity of play. The only difference is the way the materials are presented. It seems as though children these days need more of an “invitation” to lure them into engagement with these materials, yet as a child, I recall going out looking for various materials. I suppose that it’s a great way to develop this eye in children who may not have that kind of exposure. Also, as an educator, I can see how specific concepts of learning may be more prevalent depending on how the invitation is set up. The less “purposeful toys” children have, and the more intelligent materials provided, will result in more resourcefulness, problem solving, creativity, a exploration.

  6. Wendy Gilchrist

    Adding loose parts to the outdoor environment encourages children to use the materials in many ways to further developed skills such as imaginative play, creativity, problem solving. and social skill. Loose part allows children to use the materials in various ways, loose parts do not have one purpose. The slides in the power point presentation showed how inviting loose parts are and the hours of open ended play that can occur. Growing up in the mid 70’s loose parts was a big part of my outdoor play experiences seems strange to me how this type of play went underground for a long time. Glad to see more focus is begin placed back on the importance of loose parts play.

  7. Wendy Gilchrist

    Adding loose parts to the outdoor environment encourages children to use the materials in many ways to further developed skills such as imaginative play, creativity, problem solving. and social skill. Loose part allows children to use the materials in various ways, loose parts do not have one purpose. The slides in the power point presentation showed how inviting loose parts are and the hours of open ended play that can occur. Growing up in the mid 70’s loose parts was a big part of my outdoor play experiences seems strange to me how this type of play went underground for a long time. Glad to see more focus is begin placed back on the importance of loose play.

  8. Corina Manasseri

    All these “parts” showed will give children the freedom to develop their play experiences based on their ideas and goals, some of the “parts” where predetermine but I prefer encouraging children to look or find their own “parts” to play when outdoors I find it more engaging.

  9. Shirley Suttak

    In these photos I saw many interesting, beautiful, loose parts were some were put together,taken apart movable, redesigned. Some of the loose parts were natural wood stumps, wood discs ,pine ones,and sticks. I also saw synthetic loose parts such as rubber tires, cones and tubing . I saw netting,rope and tubing encouraging opportunities for putting things together and problem solving .
    The snow and the stumps may be intelligent materials that maybe altered if put together. I saw so many opportunities for individual learning ,interactions with peers and positive dispositions to be encouraged and supported by educators.

  10. marie-france bourgoin-leger

    we sometimes complicate our lives with so much! I just have to remember my own childhood to know, that all we needed was a box and some crayons to be happy! A few rocks, branches and pots and pans are all that we need to have an amazing day!

  11. Heather

    The availability of all the loose parts in these pictures is fantastic, the children will have many opportunities for open ended experiences. They will be engaged, curious, imaginative and it all will help with problem solving and so much more.

  12. Gaye Ferguson

    Wonderful photos with so much variety of natural and human-made loose parts, materials. As folks have said earlier, the materials (except maybe the math stones) offer innumerable opportunities for imaginative play, team work, problem solving and open-ended play.

  13. Francine Bolduc

    I find all of the environments so relaxing and I just want to go and play. The children can just do whatever they want with the material as there is no specific way to play with the items.

  14. Casey Holland

    I love, love. love the loose parts materials for children in their outdoor play spaces. I believe it offers them so much opportunity to use their imaginations! Bigger parts always encourage teamwork and problem solving. I know that when I was a child this was my favourite way to play!

  15. Rashida Samar

    Children can use loose parts to build or to make anything they imagine .Open ended materials encourage problem solving to be creative and build their imagination and curiosity.

  16. Vicki Pollock

    The availability of loose parts and intelligent materials in the outdoor play space provides children with ample opportunity for learning experiences. There is endless list of items that can be used as loose parts; i like the idea that intelligent materials leave options for different kinds of play depending on the child’s ideas, imagination and creativity. From small tree stumps one child may use them much like building blocks while another arranges them around a “table” for a picnic with pretend friends. The way these materials can be used is infinite.

  17. Talor Benson-Harper

    Loose parts give children the opportunity for so much open ended play. Many items in nature can be considered loose parts and children who enjoy the outdoors will use anything they find as part of their play if they are allowed!

  18. Marie-Claude Pilon

    Having the freedom to have access to loose part in their play , children will have more opportunity to be curious ,engaged and creative.

  19. Farnaz Karimizadeh

    Loose parts ,either in natural or in synthetic forms are great in children’s play.They capture their curiosity and encourage creativity and empower their imagination.
    By creating such a rich learning environment for kids, they will access to an endless ways of creation and exploration.

  20. Jade Brass

    Such wonderful provocations with the loose parts I just love how logs set up in a circle can create days worth of exploration and curiosity for the children. Too often I think as adults we need to set up more things and have lots of different loose parts but when we put ourselves back in those children’s shoes with their curiosity, their engagement, their problem solving skills working in high gear we realize a lot of times less is more for their play and learning!
    These images really sparked some ideas!

  21. Sharon Evenden

    I believe that it is important for children to learn to find and use loose parts because they then rely less on man made store bought materials to entertain themselves. Natural loose parts also encourage use of imagination and are always available. They can also be brought inside to continue the experience if necessary.

  22. Kayley Bach

    Loose parts in an outdoor environment in my experience is so beneficial for children and so much fun! The creativity that children are able to come up with is amazing, simple materials turn into the most magical things.

  23. Brie Schuler

    The images in the powerpoint provide great provocations for children. Through the use of loose parts and intelligent materials, the children are being given the opportunity to explore both sets of materials through an open ended environment.

  24. MAT

    Loose parts encourages open ended play, thus, children become creative.

  25. Stephen Roberts

    There is a sense of endless possibility when it comes to loose parts, and incorporating them indoors and outdoors and having a balance of natural and synthetic is so appealing.

  26. Yiyun Zhang

    I love loose parts. Comparing with electronic toys, or other fancy toys, loose parts provide various of ways and opportunities to experiment. Children are able to experience sensory exploration, problem-solving, and imaginative and creative play, etc. And the pictures in PowerPoint gave me some great ideas to set up outdoor play.

  27. Jennifer Dyson

    The slideshow presentation offered great ideas. I love the wood pallet busy board – something I will create for the children. I can imagine their excitement and look forward how they choose to engage in play with this board. To me loose parts is universal, not cultural specific, as children can create wherever their imagination takes them.

  28. Shannon Jarvis

    Loose parts are amazing, they allow children the freedom to be messy, make noise, move, construct, and be creative.

  29. Shawna Diduck

    This power point drives home what I was taught in college that you don’t need the fancy new toys that are constantly coming out but if you provide open ended items for the children to play with and explore you provide an opportunity for the children to take control of their play and expand it and take it in whatever direction that they choose.

  30. Katie Dowdle

    this really shows how kids don’t need the fancy expensive single-purpose toys that are so commonly marketed…they really do better with open-ended items that they can use their imagination with.

  31. T Y

    These a great pictures! I will be more mindful when I plan and provide “Intelligent Materials” from now on. Seeing what was created with the materials shows me that children need to have both the materials and time to become fully engaged in planning and making, constructing or creating with these various objects.

  32. Kati

    Children do not really need sophisticate toys. Give them a cardboard box and they will turn it into a car for instance, or a treasure chest, a stove, a mini house, a pet, a tent, or a horse to ride on. Loose parts are easy to use and cheap. I remember that one of my teachers told us how useful it is to have a good relationship with Home Depot to pile up stuff they would regularly put in the garbage but we can use as loose parts. I saw children create things I would have never imagined by only using sticks, wood chips, and paper measuring tape (the Ikea kind).

  33. June

    It is amazing the variety of uses that loose parts can have and the amount of learning that can come out of them and many of these loose parts are found in nature!
    There is science learning as see with weighing the pine cones and other objects to compare which is heavier/lighter. There is the balancing the various pieces of wood.
    It’s also amazing too see how adding a little something like the piece of cloth as the tarp/canopy and as the “table” cloth, can add so much to the play.
    Many of the items are either from nature or are recycled/reused materials and this also helps to teach the children about the environment and what they can do.

  34. HeidiK

    The loose parts were phenomenal! It literally blows my mind when I see children take objects I see as one dimensional and create so many other things that I may not of thought of. By providing those loose parts and intelligent parts it offers them way more creativity and imagination then a toy that only has one purpose.

  35. Kerrie Sinclair

    I love having loose parts in both our indoor and outdoor classrooms. I feel it extends the child’s creativity and brings more detail to their imagination.

  36. Louanne MacRae

    Loose 0art, both indoors and outdoors, provide endless opportunities for children to explore and create. When children use loose parts, they are able to invent anything in the realm of their experiences or ideas. It is exciting for children to be able to experience loose parts together in the outdoors and explore teamwork and problem solving as well.

  37. Donna Legere

    Loose parts opens up a child’s learning pathways that are open ended and never ending! Loose parts are open ended learning and can be so many things in so many different ways. The play is not dictated and the imaginations can be whatever and wherever they want it to be!!

  38. Amy

    Incorporating loose parts into the outdoors in very valuable. After all, isn’t this where most of our loose parts come from? The children could actually select their own loose parts.

  39. Kirsten Rosberg

    I love how loose parts encourage creative play and I am always amazed at what the children come up with.

  40. mvll

    I have always been a supporter of loose parts as well as minimalism . Children do not need an over abundance of materials, however, providing enough of a variety of loose parts allows children to make the environment suit their needs. Children do not need cars to play racing games, or babies to experience domestic role playing. Loose parts can me imagined and re-imagined as these materials and the materials can shape shift with the children’s creativity to become what they need it to be to satisfy their needs.

  41. DC

    Loose parts are very important in a child’s play. Children use them in so many ways, they can become anything the child imagines, and often changes from one moment to another, the stick is the perfect loose part.

  42. Laura Barthelette

    I love having loose parts both inside and outside. The play that comes out of it is spontaneous and creative in ways that toys will never be.

  43. Nikki Meyer

    Incorporating loose parts into outdoor play environments allows creative, flexible thinking in children. They will come up ways of using the materials in far more inventive wats then educators can imagine.

  44. Emma D. Rodilas

    Loose parts materials are very inviting to the children to develop their imagination, creativity and even critical thinking skills. Loose materials help children to give importance to the materials that are being recycled. Like empty cups, they are showing their own interpretation by stacking them in many ways. In shredded papers to, they used it as a blanket to the baby dolls, these acts are very amazing to think about their age, how creative they are.

  45. Tanya Morash

    Loose parts is an important part of our program. We are always finding new ways to use the materials as well as gaining inventory. Thanks to the support of families and community members, we never run short on loose parts.
    When you offer loose parts to children, you are offering possibilities. It is always fascinating to observe the children as they use the materials and as educators we always come away with new ideas and knowledge.

  46. melissa gallant

    I love using loose parts and watching the children explore with them. Their imaginations can go wild when they are given the right material.

  47. Wendy Flegel

    I love all the natural materials that the children had chosen to play with. There are so many different ways that loose parts can be played with.

  48. Sheila Maputi

    Examining the PowerPoint with regards to “loose parts” makes me think that “loose part” should be my favourite thing in the world! Mostly, materials shown are all natural like sticks, wood, pine cones, stones, and a lot more to include coming from nature and good thing about this its for free. Adding synthetic materials likes ropes, table cloth, pots, nets, pipes, cardboard boxes would have a variety to choose from. The more materials you put kids will have more way to enjoy play while thinking, designing, creating, and engaging in experiential learning.

  49. Adriana Carrillo

    I like the way it is presented to children the invitation to play with loose parts. Encourage imagination, creativity, invent, socialize, connect with the environment, observe and interpret…

  50. Alison Rinas

    These loose parts and materials provided in the slides were inspiring play experiences, I seen a variety of different textures used in all the material provided to the outdoor playspace, There was tires, wood, rock, metal, materials, string, netting etc. All these different textures offer/draw into children’s interest in order for them to explore and create and learn something new about themselves and outdoor spaces provided to the children. I really enjoyed the slides tha showed tha loose parts can be offered in all season and in a variety of invitations, from tree stumps arranged in a circle to loose materials laid out on the grass for the children to explore. These slides were provocation to learn for children in their outdoor environments

  51. Andrea Sabean

    I love the term intelligent materials! Loose parts play encourages flexibility, creative thinking, imagination and problem solving,

  52. Angela Gower

    Children do not need fancy toys with all the bells and whistles. Loose parts can be absolutely anything and are much more open ended so the children can manipulate them any way they want. In my experience, children play so much longer with loose parts then they do with toys that are designed to do a certain thing. With loose parts children can come up with their own experiences and scenarios.

  53. Linda M. Mason

    Loose parts are an essential part of creating outdoor learning spaces. They are the fundamental materials for creating developmental experiences in the outdoors. Loose parts help develop creativity and imagination.

  54. Kate Domingo

    Loose parts provide endless possibilities of being imaginative and desire to learn and be creative. When I first set my foot in a daycare, I was crying not because of the job but because of all the amount of toys and books that were being destroyed. I saw others go to the store to buy craft project when their are endless materials or throw aways that can turn into a project. Loose parts provide children the opportunity to re-invent something basing from their imagination.

  55. 786naznindhanani

    Loose parts provide so many opportunities – to create, to think, to problem solve, to engage, to use one’s senses and so much more. What I love about loose parts is that it helps a child use their imagination to create their own story. Also, being out in nature is grounding for children to the earth. Children become more healthier and resilient.

  56. Nicole Morrell

    These loose parts are all wonderful examples of meaningful learning opportunities for children. When displayed in engaging ways through provocations or invitations to play children are able to engage and explore materials on their own terms using them as they see fit and to their own level of comfort-ability. Children can explore, imagine, problem solve, create, persist etc all with these natural and recycled materials. The open ended nature of loose parts is key in purposeful and engaging opportunities for children.

  57. Paula Watson

    We offer a wide variety of loose parts. We do struggle to keep them as our play area is not fenced in. This is due to change in June.

  58. Karen Koehli-Kozack

    I love loose parts and love to see where and what play children will create from it. As a child we always were out in the “junk” pile playing and building and free to explore

  59. AFI SOLANGE SEGBEAYA

    Loose parts things help them be creative and can be very exciting for them, they can spend so long exploring. Loose parts also help them use their imagination and use their problem solving skills.

  60. Rochelle Muhlert

    I love loose parts, it’s the best way for the children to access their own imaginations and can create hours of open-ended play if the right materials are available. I remember as a child what a thrill it was to sneak into the neighbor’s shop junkyard as children and play with all the ‘junk’; now, we’d call it loose parts.

  61. Kathleen Couture

    I believe loose parts and intelligent materials are an integral part of every child’s learning. I can not state it any better than what was stated above, “Loose parts spark their imaginative and creative play while intelligent materials create a sense of wonder that leads them to explore, think, and incorporate new thoughts, ideas and actions into the outdoor experiences. ” Loose parts can be found everywhere, those founds in nature such as sticks, rocks, plants, pine cones, and logs are always available and plentiful, even in the city you can always find a park, or a pond or a beach close enough by to gather loose parts. Allowing children of all developmental levels the opportunity to explore loose parts and decide themselves of their use, value and representation in itself promotes learning. We all know that stick is never just a stick to a child. I believe the world needs more access to loose parts !

  62. Mandi Bollinger

    Loose parts develop so much creativity in children. They can create, move, build, destroy, design and then recreate. Over and over again. They can use the group of loose parts with the tires and hammock or the one with the pylons and boxes and build so many different creations. I also love the idea of intelligent materials such as water and ice and snow. You can melt it, boil it, freeze it, drink it, lick it and explore all the different properties. Water is fascinating!

  63. Jessica Brosch

    Loose parts are such an amazing part of childrens development and learning. They have endless possibilities and I love to observe it unfold. Their creativity and imagination is so curious and exciting, often they open my eyes to different possibilities! I enjoyed the ideas in the power point, hours of learning!

  64. Szandrita

    I believe loose parts and intelligent materials, supports children’s learning as a whole. For this reason, we need to implement more these materials in our programs, no matter the age. The youngest the better, the more dispositions the child will develop with the years.

  65. BL

    I like how they display the loose parts materials and making it very inviting for children to explore.

  66. jen.g

    Those loose parts in the pictures are wonderful examples of things you could use to help children explore and create different play opportunities

  67. Hunter Goodine

    Having loose parts is very important for children to experience because, this can get the child(ren) to show us there perspectives on what they feel they can make or use the different natural parts for. Also this can be a huge benefit to children developing there math skills , this can help children become more independent and develop socialization skills with there peers. Another thing is it helps the children develop a connection to nature.

  68. Sarah Crumback

    Allowing children to have access to loose parts really helps contribute to their learning experience and the development of healthy dispositions. There are so many things that can be used as loose parts and the possibilities of exploration and play are endless.

  69. Kendra Crooks

    I like how they displayed some of the loose parts and made it more inviting for the children. I love using loose parts in all the activities I try to do with the children.

  70. Alana Cornett

    I thought it was interesting that some of the loose parts were presented on tables, blankets and baskets. I like this idea for drawing their attention to things that are already in their surrounding. Sometimes when I make a pile of sticks or cones in the yard the children over look them as something to play with and explore so I will definitely try this to draw their attention in.

  71. Wendy Slavik

    I cannot say enough about loose parts and the importance they play in both indoor and outdoor experiences. These intelligent materials lend themselves to a variety of functions/uses that are only limited to our imaginations. I appreciate the slide presentations and the variety that was presented through them. I hope more will be done in this area throughout the childcare centers within Manitoba as I believe this will be very powerful and persuasive, especially for those caught up in technology.

  72. Deborah Boyles

    Children are naturally resourceful in their play outdoors. One stick can draw in the dirt or become a magic wand or stir a mug of freshly brewed mud coffee. Many sticks can be used for building a road or a log cabin. Children naturally gravitate toward nature’s loose parts to build, gather, connect, take apart, design, create and play. Loose parts play outdoors can infuse a child’s experience of nature. Nature’s loose parts are all around us. Water, dirt, sand, gravel and mud are also substances that can greatly enhance loose parts play outdoors. Gathering loose parts from nature will become part of the experience itself.

  73. Tina Gouzecky

    Loose parts indoors and outdoors offer endless open ended play experiences for children. So many curriculum areas can be explored and expanded by loose parts.

  74. Kelly-Anne Robb

    Adding a variety of loose parts to any outdoor space allows the children to be more engaged. These parts can be anything a child desires, and it’s great to see their ideas come to life.

  75. Lena Hirst

    I loved seeing the variety in the power point presentation what loose parts can consist of. They are such important items to stimulate play and because of their open-ended can be anything the children need them to be. I also loved seeing how loose parts can be used for different areas of play!

  76. Cindy Piwowar

    Loose parts offer endless possibilities. They provide so much sensory exploration. Surfaces or textures can come in all different types, hard, soft, smooth, wet, pokey, or bumpy. The loose parts can be man-made, like buckets, tires, or boxes and natural like rocks, sticks and leaves. The logs provide opportunities for height in the play. Children can be climbers or jump from one to the other. Sticks offer length and perhaps power with a bigger stick. Children can engage in gathering, sorting, building, engineering or a hundred other types of play. And then tomorrow the play will be totally different.

  77. Kim Janzen

    I love the variety of what loose parts can be. Something as simple as sticks, blankets and boxes can be used and manipulated and changed into forts or boats or robots….the possibilities are endless. All loose parts need is an imaginative mind to create something new out of them.

  78. Janet Edge

    Loose parts are a great way for the children to use their imagination and use their problem solving skills. Loose parts can be used in many forms of play. In my program we not only use loose parts indoors but outdoors as well. Children come up with the greatest ideas when using items like sticks, wood chips, wood cookies, rope, leafs, blankets, cardboard tubes etc. Loose parts spark a great conversation with children and leave the outdoor play to an open ended experience.

  79. Jodene Muri

    Loose parts are something we have struggled with to show parents how they can be used. Many loose parts are viewed as junk. With documentation we have been successfully changing the minds of our parents. We have added many loose parts into our center. Outdoors allows for more freedom for the children to use the loose parts. They can explore and manipulate in a variety of ways.

  80. Rondo

    Loose parts are great for expanding children’s thought process, cognition, problem solving and creativity as the manipulate the various items and work toward creating something spectacular. I can see the children thinking, solving and coming up with new ways daily to develop various creations to be proud of; trying again the next day to repeat or change it up by adding, repositioning or creating something totally new! Children become more independent and confident with a variety of materials that are open ended and can be transformed into something created and visualized only by themselves.

  81. Cindy Schlamp

    I like the loose parts things, they can spend so long exploring them and different ways that they can go together

  82. Brittany Godfrey

    Loose parts are such an amazing tool in learning for children, problem solving, designing , manipulating, lifting, and investigating. There are many objects that can be used for loose parts. Seeing a few of those pictures were neat , seeing nets and cones . when i think of loose parts outside it tends to be rocks, sticks, stumps etc. Neat to see a variety of loose parts used, this can also help with bringing culture to outdoor play spaces.

  83. Ashwak

    Loose parts materials are extremely important to spark children’s creativity and problem solving skills. It can be used in many play aspects, and children love examining and investigating the propriety of those materials . For example a gem can represent a button for a pace ship they build with blocks or it can represent a salt shaker in imaginative play. it is very unique how children use loose parts and how they represent them.

  84. Kim Dolezal

    Having the loose parts is very important for our desires and thoughts to design, create and the child becomes very excited to show us there ideas from the loose parts.