Topic

Critical Friends and Mentors

Topic Progress:

4-adultrolemodel10Most early learning teachers work with others on site or as part of professional learning communities or networks. The role of a critical friend and the role of mentor are two important roles to consider.

The term critical friend has its origins in critical pedagogy. One of the most widely used definitions of a critical friend was outlined by Costa and Kallick (1993). They suggested that a critical friend can be defined as a trusted person who asks provocative questions, provides data to be examined through another lens, and offers critiques of a person’s work as a friend. A critical friend takes the time to fully understand the context of the work presented and the outcomes that the person or group is working toward. The friend is an advocate for the success of that work.

You can be a critical friend to others and you can have a critical friend. You can mentor others or others can mentor you. Both of these roles are important but they are different!

Healy and Welchert (1990) defined the mentoring process as “a dynamic, reciprocal relationship in a work environment between an advanced career incumbent (mentor) and a beginner (protégé), aimed at promoting the career development of both” (p. 16). Lea and Leibowitz (1983) defined mentoring as an integrative process that includes “teaching, guiding, advising, counseling, sponsoring, role modeling, validating, motivating, protecting and communicating” (p. 26). The mentoring process is a way to create informal links between the protégé and organizational expectations.

Click on the words below to reveal the difference.

Mentor

  • Provides advice.
  • Shares stories with others as a way to guide practices of others.
  • Observes practices of others to provide individuals with feedback on practice.


Critical Friend

  • Establishes a collaborative relationship.
  • Listens to comments and responds without judgement.
  • Offers provocative questions that lead participants to deeper thinking.
  • Explores the context of work with participants.


Critical friends and mentors provide constructive feedback about strengths, weaknesses, problems, and opportunities for further development.

When you think of these two roles, how do they support early learning teachers?  How do they support early learning teachers that are working toward changing their outdoor play practices with children?  Record in the comment box how a mentor or critical friend could be used to support early learning teachers changing their philosophy or practice.

Comments

  1. Mikayla

    I think both mentor and Critical Friends are both important when it comes to both early learning.
    as an indigenous person. we are people who learn and respect our elder. we listen and follow the teachings. I can see the benefits from this way of teaching. Critical friends Challenge your own thinking and making to think out outside the box. Developing problem solving etc.
    Supporting both styles at the right moments would be beneficial for the children

  2. Angela George

    Mentors support and guide the beginner and protégé` with constructive criticism designed to promote the career development of both and to guide and develop their practice with stories that illustrate the success of the new philosophy.
    A critical friend provide listens without judgement and offers constructive feedback with provocative questions to give deeper thought to the practice and with professionalism can offer difficult observations for their coworker to consider, while they have a productive conversation where both are free to share their thoughts which can truly help sometimes when changing your philosophy.

  3. Barb Keller

    Both are very important to have as a mentor they are there to give you advice, share their stories and knowledge with you. Gives us feedback on what we are doing.

    Critical worker is someone who listens to your ideas. does not criticize your ideas. Offers you questions to provide you with deeper thinking.

  4. Jo White

    The mentor could be used as an advisor, giving feedback when changing philosophy or practice, they have the experience to know what could and could not work and give examples as to why.

    The critical friend listens to your ideas and can give you a fresh perspective and maybe see things that you or the mentor don’t because they observe from the outside in and see and hear things the others might not, plus the critical friend is non judgmental and can be brutally honest if necessary.

  5. Marianne Glufka

    both mentor and critical friend are very important to a early learning teacher. the mentor explains things, guides them and passes their wisdom on through the process of mentoring someone. a critical friend helps you to understand the process of becoming and early learning teacher listens to your thoughts and ideas without judgment.

  6. Michelle Davis

    Educators should always be on a path of learning and growth. Mentors and critical friends can play a big role in this process. Advice from others who are on the same path as you is very valuable. Different perspectives and advice from a peer is very helpful.

  7. Rachael Ewan

    They support early learning teachers by helping them to examine their practice, and learn from others experiences. Teachers that are trying to change their outdoor practice can learn from them about what works and doesn’t and can be lead to critically evaluating their practice.

  8. Melissa Vail

    how a mentor or critical friend could be used to support early learning teachers changing their philosophy or practice
    Both would offer support to teachers, especially new educators entering the field.

  9. lisa.rodney

    How can a mentor or critical friend could be used to support early learning teachers changing their philosophy or practice. A mentor can observe an educators practice and provide some suggestions for change along with the rationale behind the change. The mentor can share experiences they’ve had and changes that they have undergone during their career to help the educator see how an educator grows and develops and incorporates new knowledge and best practices into their philosophy and practice. Often people are hesitant to change from their practice even if they’re not seeing success because it’s comfortable and they fear the unknown, the mentor has experienced change and they can reassure the educator that it will work. A critical friend is someone to bounce ideas off of, to talk through scenarios, and to contribute to discussions to help create a better way forward. This person is trusted and supportive and will help the educator dig a little deeper and explore ideas that weren’t fully formed without collaboration. It can be safer to change when you know someone has your back and wants you to succeed.

  10. Krista Ambrose

    To me a mentor is someone there to assist you but not be there all the time or might be someone you contact for guidance. A critical friend is more of someone you work with all the time. Someone to call you out when you fall back into old habits.

  11. Daphne Hachey

    mentors are great people to look to when you want someone to teach you and inspire you and critical friends are great to look to when you want to teach and inspire each other

  12. Jasmine Park

    I think both can help educators to change their philosopy and practice about outdoor play.

    My center has a pedagogical mentor as the ELCC pilot project. Educators share our concerns and we can get support from her. She talked about her experience, shared resources and provided valuable advice. We can get answers from her and it was helpful to change our practice. Educators in each room play as critical friends. We share our thoughts and ideas and try to find answers together. We support each other to make a good decision and work together. Having mentor and critical friends definately help us to improve our practice.

  13. Lindsey Cooper

    Mentors can be someone you look up to and has experience, a person that guides you through difficult situations. To me a critical friend is a co-worker whom you respect and value their opinion. It is someone you can brainstorm with and feel valued and heard. Both roles are important to early childhood educators because we are always learning from each other and the experiences we have. When I am unsure of a situation, I need a mentor to help me find a solution. When I am planning or organizing a critical friend would help me brainstorm new ideas.

  14. Shirley Robinson

    I feel mentors help me understand more with what the children would like, and critical friends I see helping and learning together

  15. Katarina Ninkovic

    I think sometimes we get lost in our own ideas…i know I definitely do. Having someone be a mentor and a critical friend is good because it helps me focus n the tasks i need to get done right away, to focus on the now, instead of overwhelming myself with too many projects and then not being able. To get any of them done

  16. Shannon Stewart

    Mentors can be helpful but giving advice doesn’t always support the learning in ways that guide the changes and growth needed. On the other hand, critical friends walk alongside educators to support learning very differently. They listen, reflect, offer questions to consider and follow-up. When we approach learning together in this way learners benefit more deeply. It can shift their practice.

  17. Tammy

    Both mentors and critical friends would be a support system for the educator by sharing experiences, listening to ideas and having conversations that might spark new ideas.

  18. Jessica Garner

    I have the honour of working with many critical friends and mentors, as well as playing that role for others. There is so much power in being able to engage with others as a part of a learning process or changing practice. Critical friends or mentors might listen, offer feedback and suggestions, share information, ask questions, or research alongside educators working to change their outdoor play practices.

  19. Heather Brekkaas

    It would be great to have both, as they can offer different types of support. I personally like a “critical friend” because it is more of a collaborative relationship then a mentorship is.

  20. Grace Smith

    Critical friend or a mentor are both both important. Suggestions and feedbacks are valuable in any program .

  21. Angel Huang

    When you are on the field, there will always be mentor or critical friends, they both would be a great help to have when you are stuck somewhere.
    It is nice to have a mentor to support and guide you on the way, they maybe using their previous experiences to tell you about your decisions.
    Then the critical friends can always give you another idea or their thoughts on what can be better.

  22. Pamela Casorso

    how a mentor or critical friend could be used to support early learning teachers changing their philosophy or practice.

    to have a critical friend would be helpful as long as it is constructive critisim.
    I have been a mentor for several ECE students and I always try take their ideas into consideration.

  23. Karin Freiberg

    Mentors may guide you based on their previous experience and critical friends will help you to see a different perspective. Sometimes this can be the same person and both can be very helpful throughout your career.

  24. Bonnie Willson

    a mentor or critical friend could be used to support early learning teachers changing their philosophy or practice by showing each other different perspectives. A mentor may have a lot ifk

  25. Rachelle Gregoire

    Both can be beneficial to develop ideas and have different strategies based on experiences. A mentor could add their expertise and a friend could add a different perspective.

  26. Anna Mary McKenney

    Both these roles provide opportunities for learning and growth between children and educators. We as educators can engage and productive conservations and self reflection. Outdoor play can be difficult with so many changes daily and so being reflective is very important to our practice

  27. Dana Wilson

    I believe that a mentor or critical friend could help change my philosophy or practice by listening to my concerns, answering questions in a manor that encourages critical thinking on my part. This needs to done in a positive way that doesn’t include judgement, just constructive feedback. I also believe we can learn from other educators be it a mentor or friend by watching them in their practice.

  28. Amanda Funk

    you need both the experience of a mentor to see where can you can go with your practice and a critical friend to give honest feedback on your practice.

  29. Amanda Christison

    When you think of these two roles, how do they support early learning teachers? How do they support early learning teachers that are working toward changing their outdoor play practices with children? Record in the comment box how a mentor or critical friend could be used to support early learning teachers changing their philosophy or practice.

    Mentors and critical friends are there to unconditionally support you in order for you to become your best self as an educator. They challenge you in a positive way that makes you stop, think and reflect in order to help you grow and improve your practice. They share appropriate stories with you about times that they themselves experienced a similar issue or challenge and how they grew from that. They will offer to watch you in your practice so that can offer that unbiased lens to possibly point out things that you perhaps haven’t noticed yourself that you are doing and to help give you feedback to meet the goals you have set for yourself.

  30. Maria Agustin

    Critical friends and Mentors are both important roles because critical friends will listen to your comments and support your ideas and thoughts. Mentors gives advice and suggestions from their experiences.

  31. Kimberley Thompson

    I take constructive criticism from my peers and take that and convert it into what I can do better or different for the children.

  32. Jennifer Yarmish

    A mentor could provide insight and suggestions from their years of experience and talk about what kind of long term changes they have witnessed occurring in the children as different styles of teaching and curriculums have come and gone. A critical friend could be more ‘in the moment’ with you as these changes are happening…perhaps you are both learning at the same time but each personality can give the other suggestions and as tough questions that we might not have thought about ourselves. Both are extremely valuable in the life-long learning process.

  33. Lucie Pendergraff

    We all bring different strengths to the job. Criticism in a constructive way should be shared between all people working together as long as it is in a way that promotes growth.

  34. Annette Casey

    The critical friend would be your sounding board for creating new opportunities. Expanding what you see and adding their input to your ideas.

  35. Heather Diewert

    Critical friends and mentors provide constructive feedback about strengths, weaknesses, problems, and opportunities for further development.

    When you think of these two roles, how do they support early learning teachers? How do they support early learning teachers that are working toward changing their outdoor play practices with children? Record in the comment box how a mentor or critical friend could be used to support early learning teachers changing their philosophy or practice.

    It’s important to have both a mentor and critical friends, as I believe it’s not always easy to see where you’re not being as effective as possible, and can help you see if you are hitting a wall in your teaching. Having another person be your mentor can give you much needed resources and ideas to have in your tool box, and a critical friend can keep you on task to let you know if these tools are being used, and used effectively.
    Every person we work with, are mentored by and use as an advisor, can help you challenge the way you teach and assist you in providing better program for the children.

  36. Ruth Novak

    Both the mentor and the critical friend provide feedback. A critical friend can tell you the truth about your practice. Open and honest dialogue! These two can also help with the planning of outdoor play or at least give an opinion about what they think of your ideas! I personally love having and being a critical friend because we should be able to be honest with one another.

  37. Christine Norman

    A mentor or critical friend could help support an early learning teacher who is changing their philosophy by being someone that can listen ideas and concerns, help the person reflect upon these ideas and concerns in an open manner, offer suggestions and support when needed and to help reflect on observations.

  38. Betty-Ann Ryz

    A mentor for an early learning teacher would be a value as they would be someone who has substantial experience and could provide valuable feedback for critiquing philosophy or practice. A critical friend would be someone to help sort out thoughts, ideas and support evolving change to philosophy or practice.

  39. Kathy Barnhart

    how a mentor or critical friend could be used to support early learning teachers changing their philosophy or practice.

    Both roles can be played at different times by the same individual however it is important for the mentee to know how committed the mentor or friend is to their ongoing relationship. Early Learning teachers find this support extremely valuable when the relationship is strong and trustworthy.

  40. Nikki Meyer

    In our role as a pedagogical partner, being a critical friend engages programs in changing their practices and philosophy through using questions that provoke thinking and reflection. We engage in reciprocal dialogue that challenges thinking and generates solutions. When we work as a mentor with programs, we observe, provide resources and role model practices.

  41. Nicole Morrell

    Both roles support educators in different ways. Educators need advice and someone who will observe and make suggestions but also need that person to get them to reflect deeply and make meaning of the context of different play experiences without judgement. When I think about outdoor play I feel a mentor would offer suggestions and ideas off observations but a critical friend would help programs look deeper at the why and the meaning and purpose.

  42. Silvia Martínez

    Mentor can set an example to early learning teachers, critical friends can help guide them by observing, seeing a mentor who has been through things that could help them allows the educator to become comfortable changing up their everyday routine, ideas. A critical friend could also help the educator get there by providing them with someone who can bounce off ideas to learn from them.

  43. Svetlana Babikova

    Record in the comment box how a mentor or critical friend could be used to support early learning teachers changing their philosophy or practice.
    I belive mentor can provide advice, resources, share stories. As well, with critical friend you can collaborate and build strong relationships based on trust, for example you can collaborate how to promote children’s learning, share ideas about play experinces, support in difficult situations.

  44. Caroline Driedger

    I been mentored and been the mentor both of us benefited from our experiences and knowledge. The supportive discussions provided us the opportunity to use critical thinking to evaluate in a safe nonjudgmental place.

  45. Nadira Ramnauth

    Mentors and critical friends can help to evaluate my work and give feedback on what I need to improve on. They can bring in resources and share stories about their experience on outdoor play.

  46. Ai Paul

    Sometimes educators feel isolated and lonely to deal with demanding workload, having different roles (counselor, nurturer, cleaner, administrator etc..) in a centre. Mentors will offer you great supports by listening and sharing their experiences and critical friends give bonding relationships going through the similar (industry specific) experience. I am fortunate to have people like that in my life.

  47. Carrie Maclellan 

    I think coworkers should strive to see each other as critical friends and to be this for one another. I think team dynamics are super important to the successful learning of children. I think both a mentor and critical friend could be beneficial to someone changing their practice or philosophy as support and deeper consideration will be two main factors of the successful transition.

  48. Minni Harris

    Mentor or critical friend can be seen as another set of eyes and ears that may see things differently in your centre. They could see things in your program in a different view point and offer suggestions or feedback that could be beneficial to your practice and yourself in personal growth.

  49. Cindy Spencer

    Mentors and critical friends offer suggestions, ideas and share experiences that could be beneficial to changing your philosophy or practice. Sometimes seeing it from an “outsiders” point of view helps you see things from a different angle and may allow you to see something you would have never thought to add or change.

  50. Nikki Littlechild

    Sometimes even just a little help in shifting perspective can be helpful! For example if an educator wouldn’t allow children to take a rock they found inside with them, a mentor or critical friend could, at an appropriate time, ask the educator their perspective in leaving the rock outside to understand why they made that decision. They could then share their perspective as to why it would be okay to bring the rock inside. This would help change the educators philosophy in regards to bringing items from the outside in and lead to generating ideas around this.

  51. Hilary Geddes

    having another person there to observe and correct your strategies is a great way to learn! Although, sometimes taking criticism may be challenging, we grow most when we are challenged. As educators we need to be able to rely on critical friends/mentors to offer advise to aid in our self development and becoming the best educator we can be.

  52. Charlene Durrant

    A critical friend or mentor is important because everyone sees things through a different lens and have different opinions. As they say “two heads are better then one”.

  53. Nicole Robinson

    How can a mentor or critical friend could be used to support early learning teachers changing their philosophy or practice?
    A mentor or critical friend can be used to support an early learning teachers changing their philosophy or practice by asking why. Helping with observations, seeing what the friend doesn’t see either because of inexperience or they are too comfortable.

  54. justine devenport

    A mentor can advise a new educator on how to implement outdoor play safely and effectively. With support from a mentor, a new educator can adjust easier and see the benefits of outdoor play.
    i.e. your first big field trip with 32 learners does not have to be filled with anxiety with help from a mentor.

  55. Jaclyn Geiger

    Reflective practice is important as an educator and having a mentor for support or critical friend for informed critiques benefits the future of one’s teaching. This is probably not drawn on as much as could be but acquiring support networks like this would be invaluable.

  56. Nazia Mir

    Mentor and critical friend give a polish to our new ideas and research. A mentor gives us advice and a critical friend gives a strong and clear way for deeper thinking.

  57. Erin Lihou

    Mentors and critical friends can be a great support for ECE’s to help gain more insight into any situation they may face

  58. Stephanie Vieira

    how a mentor or critical friend could be used to support early learning teachers changing their philosophy or practice.

    Having a mentor or a critical friend can be very helpful in many ways! It’s always great to have more then one set of eyes and having someone else can help with your research and philosophy to there ideas to!

  59. Mizuho Kashiwagi

    I think open conversations with a mentor or a critical friend gives us confidence being a teacher. We all need validation of what we work hard for.

  60. Prabhulata Immaraju

    I have been a mentor to many a practicum students and I have been mentored by my senior supervisor who give me important feedback about my practices and support me to achieve my goals.
    A critical friend however is sometimes like a bitter pill because they are honest and give you a genuine feedback which depends a lot of relationship
    and trust. If there is no judgment associated, it becomes much easier to take the feedback.
    But I see the value of having such a person in my work life so that I’m not only held accountable but I have them to share or sound my concerns about any matter that is concerning our program and how I can deal with it and what suggestions they can give me and critically analyze my approach so that I can better myself.
    Both Mentors n Critical friends are an invaluable asset to have in ur work place.

  61. Lucie Theroret

    to have a critical friend its helpfull sometimes its difficult to accept critisimme if it is say with respect it open a discussion
    i have being a mentor for several ece student and i always take their idea in consideration

  62. Amanda N

    Having a critical friend can be beneficial, and we can learn a lot when exchanging ideas. If we trust this person and feel comfortable, it’s easier to accept and understand the comments and how they make us grow and improve as educators. It’s a partnership.

  63. Trina Kelly

    I think mentor and critical friend are both beneficial; as both would give your feedback, suggest new ideas and overall being there for you, with no judgement. Also, to have each of them to share their experiences with you.

  64. Carli Olson

    Having another set of eyes to look at your practice and bounce ideas off of is always a great tool. Sometimes it feels uncomfortable to have a critical friend, but often is something very beneficial.

  65. Krissa Rathgeber

    Sometimes having another set of eyes can be a valuable tool in reflecting on your own practice…a mentor or critical friend would be very beneficial.

  66. Janice Duncan

    Both roles are based on relationships that are meant to facilitate growth in Early Learning practices. I see the mentoring process as a way to support educators who are new to early learning by having an experienced role model work along side them to guide, teach, support, validate and advise. The mentorship/protégé relationship is a mutually beneficial relationship as both members grow and learn from the relationship. A critical friend role appears to me to be that of a pedagogical partner, someone who is invested in creating a practice of self-reflection and inquiry, – community of learners and co-learners working towards specific curriculum goals and facilitating dispositions for learning.

  67. Lorraine Kok

    I see mentor and critical friends as both important to children because as a mentor you can share experiences with the children and a critical friend you are establishing a collaborative relationship

  68. Christine Villeneuve

    I see both as supportive roles. The critical friend can challenge thinking and asks reflective questions to go deeper in their thinking about a topic, while a mentor supports the foundational knowledge, gives feedback on current practices, and offers advice.

  69. Laura Mcintosh

    I believe mentors are critical friends are both important roles in the early learning environment for different reasons. A mentor gives examples and provides a model for newer early learning professionals while a critical friend gives feedback and ideas.

  70. Andrea Preissl

    When early learning teachers are working towards changing their outdoor play practices they may not know where to start. Having a mentor would be beneficial to teach and show them where to start and how to implement it.

  71. Heather Howard

    Mentors and critical friends can be used to support early learning educators change their philosophy or practice by having those supportive conversations that might bring up new ideas or thoughts that may bring a deeper understanding. Both are supportive in nature and although can sometimes take us to unfamiliar territory in our thoughts and ideas, it also allows us to explore the unknown with someone and grow from there.

  72. Kathryn Armstrong

    A mentor can speak from experience and give guidance to move an educator in a particular direction. A critical friend is a more collaborative relationship not necessarily based on experience but more on discovery and deepening understanding.

  73. Deborah Fehr

    How a mentor or critical friend could be used to support early learning teachers changing their philosophy or practice.

    Both roles can be used to encourage reflection on the part of the educator. The process that the educator goes through in their practice will be strengthened either by thinking about and supporting the process they are involved in or by changing their perspective and their practice as they question why they do what they do.

  74. Daniela Rodriguez

    A critical friend can encourage children to be more connected with the outdoors by challenging and supporting them. The critical friend role encourages teachers to be guiders that simply allow the children to explore their ways on how to be more connected with the activities they are being leaders of.

  75. Alphonsine Hategekimana

    Critical friends and mentors are the same in helping us improve our work in our early childhood profession. But a critical friend can be a co-worker or a person who you feel can help you in your work. But a mentor can be a chosen person who guides you, directs you and helps you to improve your practice. It can be a resource person for example.

  76. Patricia Lynch-Staunton

    When you think of these two roles, how do they support early learning teachers? How do they support early learning teachers that are working toward changing their outdoor play practices with children? Record in the comment box how a mentor or critical friend could be used to support early learning teachers changing their philosophy or practice.

    A mentor provides a safe space for educator’s to try out new strategies to improve their practice. Mentors support educators in exploration of practice and becomming comfortable with experimenting and being comfortable with uncertanty. Mentors can model improved practice so that the educator can observe connecting theory to practice – the real-world application of thoughts and ideas. A critical friend can provoke deeper thinking around what is working and what isn’t and why. She can re-frame thinking and experiences through a different lens to expand thinking. A critical friend can challenge the educator to become more self-aware about her own values and beliefs and how this is influencing their practice.

  77. Kamaldeep Sidhu

    I think mentor and critical friend both support another new worker. Mentor share their knowledge, ideas and give you advice and feedback on their past experiences. Critical friend also gives you comment and thoughts. They both share the information and support in early learning environment.

  78. Charmee Penner

    I think that while both a critical friend and a mentor have differences both can be supportive in our field and practice. I think that both roles allow for conversation, assessment and thought and reflection on the work. I think that these two can be used to look at the outdoor environment through another lens and promotes reflection.

  79. Alison Rinas

    Being a critical friend with educators is asking questions to make them uncomfortable with the unknown and then talking through the unknown to see and understand each other perspectives or way of understanding. It’s allow us all to accept all views of understanding.

  80. Laurie Millions

    I believe a critical friend and a mentor have a lot to offer an Early child care worker. When a mentor takes the time to show you how things are done or gives you advice on their past experiences in the field then the new staff will understand how things work. Having a critical friend to tell your ideas to is also helpful. A critical friend can also help you build up new ideas to use at your center.

  81. Jessica Popp

    Both a mentor and a critical friend can support another learner in adapting their philosophy and practices. The conservations of each can provide a different perspective to encourage ongoing growth.

  82. Joanne Falk

    Mentors and critical friends could be used to support each other when wanting to change the way something is done. They listen to your ideas, and reasons and they also give their own thoughts as well as reasons. This is done with no judgement but being supportive of one another

  83. Susanne Saunders

    A mentor is like having a partner in a business .Sharing knowledge, skills, information, problem solving, and ideas to achieve goals that would work well for you.

  84. Taylor Aichelberger

    Mentors and critical friends could be used to support early learning teachers in changing their philosophy or practice by providing a supportive space for constructive feedback and collaboration. I think that this is so important because it is impossible to observe ourselves objectively, so having someone who wants you to succeed and is there to share their own experience be able to observe and reflect with you is very valuable. I think this can be a really nice accompaniment to self reflection as we continue to learn, grow and deepen ourselves and our teaching practice.

  85. Randi Robertson

    Mentors and critical friends would support each other and work together when wanting to make changes in the outdoor area. They would all be able to share their concerns, feedback and suggestions together.

  86. Kim Hoey

    A mentor would be able to give you advice and give you feed back on their observations of you and others. They would then share the information with you.

  87. Romy Ralph

    Mentors and Critical friends would be supportive peers to work with when making any changes in your outdoor space. They could listen to your ideas and give their thoughts without judgement, helping the teachers see different ways something could be done.

  88. Devina Soares

    Mentors and critical friends could be used to support early learning teacher in changing their philosophy or practice by participating in supportive dialogues and conversations that provoke critical thinking and expanding our idea base when it comes to making changes. Just being there is sometimes all the help that is needed as well.